Royal or Grandiflora, pelargonium lives up to its name. It really is the royal individual in the world Pelargonium! It is luxurious, but more whimsical than other types.
In Europe, the best known flowering plant flowers by color brightness, wide color gamut and long
continuous flowering. In the interiors of buildings with a lot of air and light, pelargonium noticeable gains in hanging wall vases and pots.
Guidelines for care and breeding.
1. Cultivation: Indoors (in the pot), on a bed. Recommended for clearance light and cool conditions. Has advantages over other groups of flowering plants by a very beautiful flower.
2. Location: Pelargoniums need a lot of light and well-ventilated, dry place. Prefer south window. Compared with other more sensitive to dry soil and prolonged waterlogging, so when cultivated in the open air is better to place them in the rain or a sliding shade under a canopy on the shaded terrace or loggia.
3. Temperature: They prefer a warm humid temperate climate and low, but not negative temperature. With high humidity can cause damage to the plant from the cold, even at zero temperature. Summer optimum temperature +18-20 ° C in winter, +13-15 ° C, but not below +12 ° C.
4. Humidity: No need for spraying. In the summer it is advisable to move into the garden or on the balcony.
5. Watering watering depends on the season. Need abundant watering during the growth period: the plants watered constantly, otherwise the leaves turn yellow or sun damaged. Winter watering is gradually reduced. Do not like either waterlogged or drying of the soil.
6. Soil: Pelargonium is not too demanding on the soil composition.
Recommended mixture of turf, leaf, humus, peat soil and sand (1:1:1:1:1). During the growth needs to be dressing every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. Drainage is required.
You can add charcoal and brick chips. It is also useful to periodically loosen the top layer of the earth.
7. Transplantation: Optimal planting dates – May. Each year, before the resumption of the vegetative cycle for potted plants useful to partially update the soil.
8. Reproduction: Produced as vegetatively (by cuttings) and seeds.
Pelargoniums are often large-cuttings from June to September, as for the preparation of standard plants need 10-12 months. For cuttings cut vertical stems 8-10 cm long
In warm climates such an operation producing in March, the normally wintered plants. Cuttings are rooted in pots filled with a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts, are constantly kept wet. After the appearance of the roots of Pelargonium be transplanted into another pot and pinched to stimulate the growth of side shoots.
When sowing seed reproduction produced from December to February.
The seeds are sown in a container filled with a light substrate, which is supported in a constantly moist. The substrate used pure peat or a mixture of peat and sand. The room temperature should be at +20-22 ° C. After the start of sprouting plants rearranging the lighted room with a temperature at +15 ° C. Seedlings usually appear 2-3 weeks after sowing. In the phase of 2-3 real leaves of plants dive.
For better tillering seedling pinch of 5-6th leaf. Young plants bloom in 13-20 weeks after sowing.
9. Appearance: For a lush flowering to remove dry or damaged leaves and withered blossoms. Sometimes it does not bloom, but it looks healthy, the likely reason for this phenomenon – the lack of light in winter and too warm air. In such circumstances, the buds are not laid.
Royal Pelargonium stop flowering exposed high temperatures, typical hot sunny
noon in warm climates. Pelargonium usually blooms in the spring and summer, but in winter and can, if supported by mild temperatures and provides good care.
Experienced growers advised to provide a rest period pelargonium for 5-6 weeks after the flowering period (late summer) by reducing watering to once every 2 days and stop fertilizing. After that pelargonium bloom again.
Winter flowers contain about 2 months at +6-10 ° C in a well-lit window. These conditions are necessary to lay
flower buds. Watering is necessary only when the ground is dry com. Remember: for the king Pelargonium temperature
winter should be no more than +12 ° C.
10. Pests and Diseases: susceptible to fungal diseases flower – gray mold, rust and rot the roots of that delivered by appropriate fungicides. Illness occurs in standing water or high humidity, usually in the spring. Of pests harmful aphids and mites, which transmit viral diseases from one plant to another. Get rid of them by
special preparations (insecticide and acaricide).
11. Growing complexity and how to overcome them: Pelargonium relatively easy to grow, but there are certain
difficulties. Common problems can be divided into 4 groups – problems with leaves, flowers, buds and growing plants.
Probably the most common cause of normal development – excessive watering, but the fungal disease, insect pests, and lack of sunlight can also lead to a weakening of the plants and the lack of flowering.
Errors in care can be identified by the appearance of the plant.
– Yellowing lower leaves: Reason: If the leaves remain elastic or they dry just the edges – Lack of moisture if the leaves are limp and rot – the case in excess of moisture. In both cases, the leaves may fall off.
Yellow edges on the lower leaves as the low signal feeding. Fertilize the plants every 2 weeks as long as the lack of fertilizers symptoms disappear.
– Redness of the edges of the leaves: Reason: too low a temperature.
Pushes the pot away from the window in the frosty night. Suspend movement of plants in outdoor planting as long as night temperatures firmly established above +4 ° C.
– Darkening of the base of the stem: Causes disease blackleg.
The affected plants are destroyed. Thereafter, use sterilized soil and avoid waterlogging.
– The bare stems, abscission of the lower leaves: Reason: lack of light.
– Watery soft pads on the leaves: Reason: edema – a problem that occurs during the winter, when plants are indoors in waterlogged soil and the lack of lighting. Reduce watering, tear off the damaged leaves, increase the brightness.
– No bloom in the open field because of excessive fertilizing or extreme heat:
Excess fertilization stimulate growth activity, but not flowering. Within 2 or 3 days to water the plants generously, with excess nutrients will be diluted and transported from the roots deep into the soil. If Pelargonium overfed not fertilize them during the growing season.
While zonal pelargoniums thrive in the sun and heat, the king stopped flowering under the influence of extremely high temperatures characteristic of hot sunny afternoon in a warm climate. Try to place the plants where they will receive partial shade in the afternoon.
The reasons for the lack of flowering indoors:
1. Too much nitrogen;
2. Too little light;
3: Too little difference between day and night temperatures.
Stop fertilizing plants for some time and find a place with better lighting. You may need to use
supplementary lighting plant lights (in winter).
Buds wither and fall off before flowering:
The reason: high humidity, excessive watering (this is especially characteristic for room pelargonium).
Try to provide a dry climate plants, reducing the frequency of watering, especially if they are in containers.
The value of Pelargonium:
Overall royal Pelargonium unpretentious and easy to clean, easy to reproduce. They look great on the windowsill in
house, apartment, office, window and balcony boxes in flowerbeds and lawns, gardens and country houses, also have positive energy, create comfort in the house.
This is one of the most undemanding plants, almost not affected by diseases and pests. Pelargonium smell repels moths and flies.
The plant also has healing properties due to volatile production allocated to increase immunity. Oil from Pelargonium is widely used in aromatherapy – it acts as a means of calming and improve mood, even able to cope with depression.
In addition, oil is used to treat burns, ulcers, wounds, sores, dry, eczema, lichen, lice, and some forms of cancer, chronic colds, fatigue, angina, diabetes, dermatitis and eczema.
Many people know that pelargonium house relieves insomnia, nervosa and other diseases of the nervous system.
Bactericidal substances released pelargonium, harmful to microorganisms.