How to keep potted plants in winter

Winter – not the most comfortable time of year for houseplants. Low temperatures outside the windows , drafts , dry air, lack of light – that’s all that bothers amateur grower . How to keep potted plants in the winter?
On cold days, the air temperature near the window glass is often 5 , and at its lower edge may even have some ice . So , you should insulate the sill, without prejudice to the plant in natural sunlight, and so little.
In severe frosts with adhesive tape zaveste box with plastic wrap. Under most of the frame put the roll of several newspapers or roll of foam wrapped in foil. Sills Insulate foam plates on which and place the pots in trays.
Thermophilic species relocate to warmer places , or put it in a hanging basket . Can not tolerate cold Impatiens, begonias , Saintpaulia , gloxinia , ehinantusy not just cold-resistant and ferns , aloe, euphorbia .
More tolerant to low temperatures chrysanthemums, geraniums , some bulbous plants overwintering Petunia withstand cooling to 5-7 degrees.
To raise the temperature in the room during strong frosts , remove the battery cover all central heating , lift the curtains , put in the battery reflectors – plates of a special foil or just a big mirror .
Arising in these cases, excessive dryness of the air remove frequent spraying plants and wipe the leaves on large trees .
Airing air must not only people but also plants. However, the combination of severe frosts the window pane and disclosed very risky . Therefore, place the flowers on the windowsill so that the jet of cold air Nicoya way is not directed at them.
Pots can stand on the side of safety vents , if you airing close their shield of paper or film.
If for some reason you podmerz flower , make him entirely cold shower – and he can move on. If the process is irreversible , then cut the whole plant or its individual parts frozen .


Laurel – essential oil is a small evergreen tree with leathery leaves of the laurel family . Flowers in a room laurel small, white or cream-colored , are located in the axils of the leaves. Fruit – Black , non-edible berry . laurel
In nature, the laurel grows to 8-10 m in height, ambient conditions form the crown of the plant , giving the desired height and shape: a sphere, cone or pyramid.
Laurel propagated by seeds, cuttings or root suckers .
Seeds are sown in March to a depth of 1-1.5 cm in leaf mixture ( two parts), turf (one piece ) of land and sand ( 0.5 parts) . To speed up germination , pre- soaked for 2-3 days in a potassium permanganate and peeled .
Seedlings emerge long after about 40-70 days.
Laurel unpretentious, grows well in the indoor environment 12-15 years , easily adapts to the sunny and shady places. In summer tree desirable to make the fresh air and plenty of water with room temperature water in the winter – set in bright , cool place, reducing watering, but not allowing drying coma.
If the dry air in the room , the plant must be several times daily spray warm water.
Laurel leaves contain large amounts of essential oils used in cooking and as a spicy condiment . Bay oil has antiseptic , antibacterial , diuretic and sedative properties and has been successfully used in aromatherapy to treat colds, viral diseases, pain in the joints, to relieve fatigue , improve sleep and digestion. Very good and useful for the home plant.

Placing flowers on the windowsill


Sooner or later, but in the lives of many gardeners wondering, ” Where to put ? The place is over! “. Indeed , green pets filled all the available space and plane and threaten to evict hosts with legally occupied bed. Households in the perturbation shout that plant and can be smaller, but who will listen to them ? How can you give up cherished so hard and love cacti , violets , figs and other beauties ? Yes and no need to give up , because the noisy relatives , most likely just for show , while they themselves secretly admire the green kingdom and speak with pride familiar : ” And we have here is a Monstera ! In half of the room , “and casually consider these less familiar groomed specimens.
However, the reaction of others still does not solve the problem of space and comes to help encourage their imagination and skillful hands . Well, if your hands out of the place where needed, and with imagination order.
On the Internet you can find many ideas for creating all kinds of walls , shelves and supports, but in this article we will look at the ones that are placed directly on the window. This is a problem with the lighting without supplementary lighting will decide and extra space in the already cluttered house does not require .

Option 1 . Accommodation ample plants on the window.
For this option , we need some anchors with hook , the diameter is selected depending on the intended weight. Drill or punch in the upper slope of the window hole is drilled , insert the anchor . Anchor – anchor of the word represents a metal hook with the spacer portion at the opposite end. It is inserted into a drilled hole and fasten the hook clockwise. This expands the expanding mechanism and tightly holding an anchor in the hole. On such a hook as opposed to self-tapping screws on dowels, you can even hang a swing.
So, it’s done! Left to hang potted plants . This accommodation option is suitable if you have a wood and plastic windows . Designed primarily to basket plant , but under severe space in hanging pots can be planted any small plants .
Thus, the anchors can be hung above the plants and in the immediate vicinity of the window when drilling in the ceiling ( ceiling slab is always concrete , so the only drill hole puncher) . If you do not have anchors , you can use the screws and plugs or plugs with hooks , you can hang them on string or chain of pots , but the hook is more reliable – with the rope it does not fly off just like that.

Option 2 . Student Regiment.
Yes , yes, that student . The idea came while living in a student dormitory , where this model quite easily created fragile girls to put the state reserve cosmetics. Having been modernized and brought to life even for the plants.
We need a board whose length is slightly less than the width of your window , but it is better to use a 10mm thick plywood . You will also need a few meters fabric belt ( also called breast-band is used for the manufacture of the reins , and other household needs ), and 4-8 screws. This option is only suitable for windows with wooden frames .
The calculation of the length of shlei that you need is very simple. Or empirically or by formula 2SHD +4 +10 cm VP , where SM – the width of the board, VP – the height of the attachment to the shelves. We divide our feed and cut in half . Fold in half and 2-4 screws to fasten the ends of the frame shlei . After that, the resulting loop should be laid with the board, keeping its horizontal position. All you can put flowers . Of course, this kind of shelves, to put it mildly , not very aesthetically pleasing to the apartment , but it ‘ll do for placing flowers on the balcony , on the veranda , in the country .
This will improve the accommodation option : instead of boards or plywood using a plastic tray . It is better – bumpers do not allow pots to shift and fall, and if it put a lot of small pots , such as cacti and other succulents , it is easy to remove all the pots at once , together with a tray. As the use of fastening tapes, which are sold in any store sewing supplies : herringbone tape, podgibochnaya tape ( for trousers) or ribbon belt ( from her sew straps and handle bags ) .

Option 3 . The glass shelf with metal corners ,
Suitable only for those who have wooden windows . Looking for metal corners with rib , which are available at any hardware store and a wooden rail width of 3.5 -4cm thick and 1.5-2 cm
Corners can be taken and a length of 10 cm and 25 cm rail is cut into strips the width of the shelves of the future , and are fixed to the corners on the screws . The width of the glass is 25cm , length 110cm ( such length on three corners ) . The edges of the glass shelves need to be sanded to prevent cuts . Glass is very easy to sand ,
These shelves are convenient in that glass is not how it is mounted , it can be removed at any time , wash the windows, etc. And so, in general, very stable construction .

Option 4 . Side shelf for flowers on the window
This accommodation option is similar to the previous one. Materials: two strips, 2 cm thick , with a 3 -4cm in length rods is the height of the window opening. Rack mounted on the screws and plugs in two points ( top and bottom) side slope window. These rails are attached to the corners of the metal ribs , length about 10 – 15cm . At a distance of about 40 – 50cm apart. At the corners are installed shelves of thick plywood, 10mm thick . Approximate dimensions of shelves : 20 – 25cm 30 – 35cm . This is the size of the window opening to the House panel . In a brick house wall thickness and length of the shelves can be up to 50cm . Sheets of plywood , prepared for the shelves , you need to sand , so as not to get a splinter and varnished or painted with enamel.
An alternative to such a wall-mounted shelves can serve as planters or decorative hooks for hanging pots . By the way , it is necessary to stipulate that drawer , placed on the side slope of the windows, have one drawback : the flowers are closer to the window highlights the best and the ones that are ” second ” – is worse . Therefore, you should either install fluorescent lamps from the room , or cycle the colors by the other party to the light, or swap .

Option 5 . Placing plants on the grid
So that’s found a way out : take the appropriate grid size and set on the pot , and the grid can put anything you like, and saves a lot of space and decorative effect is not only preserved , but also sold ! ”
MAKE NOTE: This method is useful when a large plant in a wide pot has a place and you can place a few small pots of flowers middle-sized (eg , mini violets, Fitton , rooting cuttings of other plants). Even in this case , can not be put on the rack the other pots too tightly , otherwise the earth in the pot under the crate would be bad to dry out and breathe, that adversely affect the ” mother ” plant.


Embodiment 6 . Wall shelf by the window ,
We need the 4 anchors with hook ( on such mentioned above) , the two cut plywood 10mm , of which we’ll do the shelf, a thin metal wire or sturdy rope . Fix the anchors on the upper slope , measured out the required length of rope to fasten the hooks and corners of the first board with bindings (you can screw hooks are the same as above, but smaller ) . On the reverse side of the board as we catch mount and fasten them to a second board at one side. Tying ropes board so that the bottom was lying on the windowsill, and the whole structure was quite taut . When placed on the bottom shelf of potted plants , laden with top shelf will be virtually no swing .
This system can also be used for only one flange which will have a length on the entire width of the window , with the only difference that will secure it to the six or more hooks in the upper slope .

Feng Shui and potted plants : 8 myths

With plants involves a lot of myths and predarssudkov . Some of them , they say bring discord into the house , some – celibacy , steal some energy , while others – bring . What is the truth , and that – fiction? Let ‘s understand !

The first myth
Live or artificial – are all the same.
It is possible that this is a very common misconception is based on the principle of feng shui : “any visible object carries information , and therefore works.” Actually, not quite. Artificial flowers and plants are much less stimulate the movement of qi (energy) , even if keeping them spic and span . Live plants – is the active yang energy generators . They grow , bloom , changing their appearance and thus are a source of vital energy , so necessary to us. Healthy succulent specimens would be appropriate in your living room , dining room and office. In other words , where necessary conditions of efficiency and activity.
Artificial plants are also very static, they can be considered Yin objects , especially when a long time, you do not erase them . By Yin may also include patients with mild or live plants . At the first sign of yellowing or wilting to take effective measures : isolation and rapid ( tear off the dead leaves ) the treatment of the patient green friend. At the quarantine provide the plants with a calm quiet place and leave it there until complete recovery. If the disease was fatal , then throw out a patient without regret. Optional: a) put in the entrance, b) give a favorite in-law , “Mom , I’m sure , once you put it on your feet ! “, C) Give an old boyfriend . Yin Qi , coming from stunted plants can significantly impair the atmosphere of your home. And on foreign soil , chronicles can revive and delight a new owner magnificent color , by the way , reminding you more than a year.

The second myth .
Plants should be located in the east, southeast, and south of the apartment. It is impossible to place the flowers in the center, on the south- west and north- east.
This myth is very persistent and roams from one book on Feng Shui to another. It is based on the principles of the Eight Schools aspirations in life ( or school Chernoshapochnikov ), which makes extensive use of certain sectors to enhance the symbolism of objects and images .
For the school is characterized by matching the five main elements ( wood, fire , earth, metal and water) side of the world. Thus , the element of wood dominates in the east and south- east, and so it is here that the followers of this school advised to put a lot of plants. But in the south- west and north- east not to do so . In this part of the house plants can destroy the host cell elements of the sector, ie ground. The fact that the destruction of the elements in a circle , the tree is a formidable weapon against the ground.
In fairness, it should be noted that the school Chernoshapochnikov the youngest of all schools of feng shui. It originated in the last century and advocates of feng shui in a very simplified and modernized form. Almost all of the literature on Feng Shui is written from the point of view of this particular school. But along with it there are schools much more authoritative . One of them – San Yuan ( three periods ) , examines the space from the point of view of the influence of temporary factors . The recommendations of this school are based on calculations of the so-called flying stars . This means that at different times in your house , live plants should be located in different zones. In which – tell the master , after having made all the measurements and calculations .

The third myth .
Scratchy. Cacti have to live before the monitor .
Perhaps this opinion due to purely psychological aspects . If the monitor has to have a deleterious effect , it must be neutralized. Put more or less significant barrier between the person and the achievement of civilization , it is impossible , but the cactus – completely. Psychologists approve the decision of such problems. But it is not the master of feng shui. Cacti, for the most part , covered with spines. This means that sekulenty are against you guns, firing mikrostrelami . Probably, these arrows and reflect some of the negativity coming from the technology, but at the same time , you yourself come under fire . Especially dangerous he can be in the bedroom . A perennial thorn war stay close to your bed, will necessarily lead to a serious chronic disease .
But the presence of a cactus on the windowsill behind curtain can be extremely beneficial .
With the help of live spiny plants can stop the adverse flow of energy ( sha chi ) coming into your apartment from the outside, through the windows. And besides , the cactus on the windowsill will psychological weapon against would-be thieves . Frighten them with needles !

The fourth myth.
You can not keep the plants in the bedroom.
This statement is only partially true . The bedroom is not recommended to keep the cut plants . We are talking about the flowers in the vase. Cut flowers are very short-lived delight us and quickly begin to fade , providing a source of yin energy of death and decay. At the first sign of such changes , from flowers to get rid of.
Perennial flowers in pots same may well take root in your bedroom . The main thing is that the location is not too close to the bed , and that there were not very many. Leaves should not be sharp . The plants that are appropriate in the bedroom are: geranium, kolanhoe , aloe , myrtle . We are all familiar with the healing properties of these plants. They are able to inactivate bacteria and harmful substances that are in room air , oxygen- enriched room . Especially useful for the presence of such a healthy , fast-growing plants in the patient’s room .
But the peonies in the bedroom are welcome only in the first years of marriage. In China, the peony is a revered plant. He is considered the epitome of tenderness of feeling and a symbol of female eroticism . The strength of the influence of the flower is so great that the Chinese believe – being present even in the picture , peony in the bedroom makes his young wife more desirable. In the canons of Feng Shui is said that after the young wife becomes a mother , peonies should be removed from the bedroom. Otherwise, it would lead to the emergence of a rival . Do you need ?

The fifth myth.
Bonsai – it’s very oriental , so it’s good feng shui.
Lately it has become fashionable to all Asian . Clothing, kitchen, even the interiors have now stylized : the Chinese or Japanese . And at first glance, these interiors look very organic miniature trees . They fit snugly in the corner of our living rooms , but not the best way affect the space . Feng Shui does not welcome the use of bonsai . When they are grown artificially slowing down the natural growth of plants . They retain a genetic memory of those manipulations are performed with them and pass this information on the outside of the distorted growth . Meanwhile , feng shui – the science of harmonious organization of life , including plant . Therefore , it is better to give up in favor of a traditional bonsai , and a native geranium . All the more so in Russia it has long been considered a talisman of family happiness, and even served as a barometer of relations between the spouses. So , it was believed that the geranium blossoms , an indication that everyone in the family well, but if it starts to wither , expect quarrels and conflicts.

The sixth myth.
All climbers – vampires .
Monstera , singonium , numerous ivy and other creepers undeservedly have earned a meager fame. In the case of the monster it is possible to explain the root of the name related to the word “monster .” However , all other climbing plants , with the names of quite peaceful , suffering from a wary attitude toward them . Part of it is justified. Indeed, the vines are considered yin , especially those who are flowing down the branch. But if you want to dispel the ” poison arrows ” aimed beam or angle , vines can be very useful. Camouflaged with leaves her attack sha -chi ( negative energy ) to his favorite chair , you can read quietly sitting there for hours.

The seventh myth.
Dry flowers in the house is not the place .
In most cases that is true . But there are no rules without exceptions. In my practice, this was the case. Feng Shui audit of a private house revealed that one of the premises concentrated energy with water in nature. This room had a private bath second floor of the house . Besides , she was finished with blue tiles. And as you know , was intended to make it water treatments . In a word , and colors, and the appointment of the room and even flying stars – all represented the formation of water. This dominance of one element over another has led to significant problems in the family, though she lived in a house less than a year . And , given the fact that the bathroom is located on the top floor, was created in the classical feng shui danger with the poetic name of “water on top of the mountain.” The house was new , and therefore change the layout or color of the tiles was irrational . And then come to the aid of dried flowers . To compensate for the excess water , I recommend this place to the bathroom a lot of dried plants . The fact that depletion cycle elements , the elements of water is weakened tree and dried flowers were most suitable for the object of a very hygroscopic it. This problem was solved very aesthetically pleasing. In the design workshop was ordered, decorated in beautiful decorative frame under glass , a large mural collage of dried flowers . It was a real gem , not only the bathroom, but the entire house. After a couple of months, I called and found out that my clients are doing well. So , dried flowers , too, have their place in your house . Sometimes .

Myth Eight .
You need to read books on feng shui to figure out how to arrange the plants in the house.
It is the most dangerous of all myths. Remember! You can not , after reading a couple of books , a good feng shui, and use it to become happy. Feng Shui is a slim , one-piece and a very ancient system of knowledge, to understand that their own without a mentor is not easy to master . And besides , good books on the subject are not very much, unfortunately. And so , when once again will you go to the flower shop , do not remember quotes from tabloid , but rather listen to your inner voice. He will certainly tell you which one is your flowers . Well, if your intuition stubbornly silent , and not just in the flower shop, write, and together we will dispel any myths!

What are the varieties of orchids?

This flower is considered the record for most species. At present, there are about 22,500 varieties of orchids that exist simultaneously, which means that in the near future we can expect the emergence of new species.

How to determine the species of orchids?
If a flower does not bloom at this time, determine its grade will be extremely difficult, but even in the flowering period is not easy. Appearances can be radically different from each other, and can be very similar.

To learn how to start to determine which group is the flower. Before identify orchids, look closely at the way of its development. Based on the characteristics of the branch plants conventionally divided into monopodial and simpodial. Plants are the first group to have a life-long apical shoots, which gives the plant the possibility of unlimited growth. This group includes all the liana and outlet types. In this case, the stem grows very slowly, and the upper leaves are collected in the outlet. Inflorescences and lateral shoots arise from lateral buds.

From monopodial Sympodial plants differ in that apical bud dies. In some species, it moves to the inflorescence to achieve a certain plant growth. Escape stops growing, at the base of the new growth begins. Plants of this group are fairly thick stems, eventually they turn into tubers round or elongated shape.

Phalaenopsis orchid: grades

Among all the varieties and species of orchids that is considered to be the most low-maintenance. For this kind of hallmark is monopodial growth. Plant produces annually on two sheets. Flowers bloom gradually from the base to the top. Flowering lasts several months. Consider the most popular varieties of Phalaenopsis orchids:
– Phalaenopsis pleasant. It is this type of use in the crossing. This variety blooms in the sepals and petals are white, but with age become milky;
– Phalaenopsis Schiller. Very similar to Phalaenopsis nice, but with a different bloom. This variety has flowers of silver-gray and dark green spots. This variety is the founder of many hybrids;
– Phalaenopsis Stewart. Has silver roots and quite variegated leaves. The flowers are white with purple spots on the lateral sepals;
– Phalaenopsis Sander. One of the rare species of orchids, which is pretty much appreciated. Has green leaves with colorful drawings. Peduncles drooping and long enough, they may be located about 50 flowers. In this painting is very diverse.

Indoor orchid varieties

Additionally, there are several Phalaenopsis species that can be grown at home. For example, the encyclopedia. These flowers are flowing leaves and are evergreen. In the house they can not live more than five years. Angrekumy also grown. These flowers are fairly large size. The plant forms a trunk and aerial roots are powerful enough. Bloom at any time of year. The flowers are waxy and very strong smell at night.

Grubs in colors and another attack … The fight to win!

Who has the flowers in the house, he knows how much joy and pleasure bring these silent pets. Especially when, in response to our care, they speak a riot of greenery and abundant flowering.

But sometimes bring disappointment insects that plague plants. In the battle against pests of indoor plants, like ants and aphids, can help completely harmless for humans and for the essential oils of flowers.

1. Take 100 g of ethanol and dilute it 15 drops of lavender oil, 15 drops of tea tree oil, 5 drops of oil of thyme. All that you can buy at any pharmacy. Add the solution to two cups of water and pour all the resulting composition in a spray bottle.

Use this mixture for spraying plants 2-3 in the day. Be sure to shake before each use of the solution, since oil is much lighter than water and are going to the top.

That’s no harm for all to get rid of pesky insects, and as part of the solution include lavender oil, then it is a good tool for moth repellent.

2. Though ants are considered beneficial insects, but are often very unpleasant “neighbors.” To protect yourself, use also such a solution: 250 ml of ethyl alcohol, 20 drops of peppermint essential oil and 10 drops of lavender oil. Add to this mixture, 250 ml of water and sprayed with a spray gun, the ant trail.

This procedure can be repeated any number of times without causing self-harm, which is especially important when you have a family has children or pets. And do not forget to shake before every use solution!

Royal pelargonium

Royal pelargonium
Royal or Grandiflora, pelargonium lives up to its name. It really is the royal individual in the world Pelargonium! It is luxurious, but more whimsical than other types.
In Europe, the best known flowering plant flowers by color brightness, wide color gamut and long
continuous flowering. In the interiors of buildings with a lot of air and light, pelargonium noticeable gains in hanging wall vases and pots.

Guidelines for care and breeding.

1. Cultivation: Indoors (in the pot), on a bed. Recommended for clearance light and cool conditions. Has advantages over other groups of flowering plants by a very beautiful flower.

2. Location: Pelargoniums need a lot of light and well-ventilated, dry place. Prefer south window. Compared with other more sensitive to dry soil and prolonged waterlogging, so when cultivated in the open air is better to place them in the rain or a sliding shade under a canopy on the shaded terrace or loggia.

3. Temperature: They prefer a warm humid temperate climate and low, but not negative temperature. With high humidity can cause damage to the plant from the cold, even at zero temperature. Summer optimum temperature +18-20 ° C in winter, +13-15 ° C, but not below +12 ° C.

4. Humidity: No need for spraying. In the summer it is advisable to move into the garden or on the balcony.

5. Watering watering depends on the season. Need abundant watering during the growth period: the plants watered constantly, otherwise the leaves turn yellow or sun damaged. Winter watering is gradually reduced. Do not like either waterlogged or drying of the soil.

6. Soil: Pelargonium is not too demanding on the soil composition.
Recommended mixture of turf, leaf, humus, peat soil and sand (1:1:1:1:1). During the growth needs to be dressing every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. Drainage is required.
You can add charcoal and brick chips. It is also useful to periodically loosen the top layer of the earth.

7. Transplantation: Optimal planting dates – May. Each year, before the resumption of the vegetative cycle for potted plants useful to partially update the soil.

8. Reproduction: Produced as vegetatively (by cuttings) and seeds.
Pelargoniums are often large-cuttings from June to September, as for the preparation of standard plants need 10-12 months. For cuttings cut vertical stems 8-10 cm long

In warm climates such an operation producing in March, the normally wintered plants. Cuttings are rooted in pots filled with a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts, are constantly kept wet. After the appearance of the roots of Pelargonium be transplanted into another pot and pinched to stimulate the growth of side shoots.

When sowing seed reproduction produced from December to February.
The seeds are sown in a container filled with a light substrate, which is supported in a constantly moist. The substrate used pure peat or a mixture of peat and sand. The room temperature should be at +20-22 ° C. After the start of sprouting plants rearranging the lighted room with a temperature at +15 ° C. Seedlings usually appear 2-3 weeks after sowing. In the phase of 2-3 real leaves of plants dive.
For better tillering seedling pinch of 5-6th leaf. Young plants bloom in 13-20 weeks after sowing.

9. Appearance: For a lush flowering to remove dry or damaged leaves and withered blossoms. Sometimes it does not bloom, but it looks healthy, the likely reason for this phenomenon – the lack of light in winter and too warm air. In such circumstances, the buds are not laid.

Royal Pelargonium stop flowering exposed high temperatures, typical hot sunny
noon in warm climates. Pelargonium usually blooms in the spring and summer, but in winter and can, if supported by mild temperatures and provides good care.

Experienced growers advised to provide a rest period pelargonium for 5-6 weeks after the flowering period (late summer) by reducing watering to once every 2 days and stop fertilizing. After that pelargonium bloom again.
Winter flowers contain about 2 months at +6-10 ° C in a well-lit window. These conditions are necessary to lay
flower buds. Watering is necessary only when the ground is dry com. Remember: for the king Pelargonium temperature
winter should be no more than +12 ° C.

10. Pests and Diseases: susceptible to fungal diseases flower – gray mold, rust and rot the roots of that delivered by appropriate fungicides. Illness occurs in standing water or high humidity, usually in the spring. Of pests harmful aphids and mites, which transmit viral diseases from one plant to another. Get rid of them by
special preparations (insecticide and acaricide).

11. Growing complexity and how to overcome them: Pelargonium relatively easy to grow, but there are certain
difficulties. Common problems can be divided into 4 groups – problems with leaves, flowers, buds and growing plants.
Probably the most common cause of normal development – excessive watering, but the fungal disease, insect pests, and lack of sunlight can also lead to a weakening of the plants and the lack of flowering.

Errors in care can be identified by the appearance of the plant.

– Yellowing lower leaves: Reason: If the leaves remain elastic or they dry just the edges – Lack of moisture if the leaves are limp and rot – the case in excess of moisture. In both cases, the leaves may fall off.
Yellow edges on the lower leaves as the low signal feeding. Fertilize the plants every 2 weeks as long as the lack of fertilizers symptoms disappear.

– Redness of the edges of the leaves: Reason: too low a temperature.
Pushes the pot away from the window in the frosty night. Suspend movement of plants in outdoor planting as long as night temperatures firmly established above +4 ° C.

– Darkening of the base of the stem: Causes disease blackleg.
The affected plants are destroyed. Thereafter, use sterilized soil and avoid waterlogging.

– The bare stems, abscission of the lower leaves: Reason: lack of light.

– Watery soft pads on the leaves: Reason: edema – a problem that occurs during the winter, when plants are indoors in waterlogged soil and the lack of lighting. Reduce watering, tear off the damaged leaves, increase the brightness.

– No bloom in the open field because of excessive fertilizing or extreme heat:
Excess fertilization stimulate growth activity, but not flowering. Within 2 or 3 days to water the plants generously, with excess nutrients will be diluted and transported from the roots deep into the soil. If Pelargonium overfed not fertilize them during the growing season.

While zonal pelargoniums thrive in the sun and heat, the king stopped flowering under the influence of extremely high temperatures characteristic of hot sunny afternoon in a warm climate. Try to place the plants where they will receive partial shade in the afternoon.

The reasons for the lack of flowering indoors:
1. Too much nitrogen;
2. Too little light;
3: Too little difference between day and night temperatures.
Stop fertilizing plants for some time and find a place with better lighting. You may need to use
supplementary lighting plant lights (in winter).

Buds wither and fall off before flowering:
The reason: high humidity, excessive watering (this is especially characteristic for room pelargonium).
Try to provide a dry climate plants, reducing the frequency of watering, especially if they are in containers.

The value of Pelargonium:
Overall royal Pelargonium unpretentious and easy to clean, easy to reproduce. They look great on the windowsill in
house, apartment, office, window and balcony boxes in flowerbeds and lawns, gardens and country houses, also have positive energy, create comfort in the house.

This is one of the most undemanding plants, almost not affected by diseases and pests. Pelargonium smell repels moths and flies.
The plant also has healing properties due to volatile production allocated to increase immunity. Oil from Pelargonium is widely used in aromatherapy – it acts as a means of calming and improve mood, even able to cope with depression.

In addition, oil is used to treat burns, ulcers, wounds, sores, dry, eczema, lichen, lice, and some forms of cancer, chronic colds, fatigue, angina, diabetes, dermatitis and eczema.

Many people know that pelargonium house relieves insomnia, nervosa and other diseases of the nervous system.
Bactericidal substances released pelargonium, harmful to microorganisms.

Compote for house flowers.

People enjoying citrus, do not question their favor. But here with crusts – dismissive attitude. Most often they are discarded. And yet, they can bring great benefits to plants. For example, I Lay crust in a quart jar and fill with boiling water up to the top. When the broth is cooled, diluted with water to water their plants (it is easier to do in the summer because of the large amount of healing solution. They can not just watered houseplants, and flowers, vegetables and so on – the plants outdoors.). Land cover in the winter and in the summer to deal with them in this way: pour boiling water and leave. Or even in the winter watering houseplants do so: I stack cover more than half the volume liter cans. And with cold water. A day is watered, and about 2-3 times to add water. Kompotik get to taste excellent, very good, with bright citrus flavor. Then remove the cover and continue in the same spirit. My observations show that citrus dressing like all plants: Indoor Plants of open ground, and of course, vegetables. I also noticed that indoor plants are much less sick and are not precipitated by pests.

Coffee grounds – a little trick
Do not dispose of coffee grounds. A handful of black extract – just what you need land for flowers. The trick is that the hardened earth again become loose due to a fine powder of coffee. Another positive side effect is that the coffee grounds at the same time lowers the pH value. This is an added bonus for plants that prefer acidic soil, such as camellias and azaleas.

What are the types of flowering cacti?

In nature, all cacti in bloom, bloom at home, only those species, the content of which is close to the natural one. Echinopsis, Mamillyariya, Astrophytum, saguaro, Epifillumy, Rebutsii, Hametsereusy, Fraile, Wilcox, Fillokaktusy – these types of flowering cacti, which is easier to create the right conditions.

Cacti is very beautiful bloom from white to red-purple color, the flowers are small to large funnel. With proper care, these plants will please its very long flowering. They emit a delicate flavor. On flowering cactus need a lot of energy, so they bloom once a year.

Reproduction of cacti

The most common way is to breeding babies. Kids are easily separated from the adult cactus, and also root easily.

Babe must carefully separate to the body plant remained of its parts, and vice versa. The remaining parts can lead to decay.

Babe be cut in the spring or summer. Winter and fall they do not take root.

Before implanting baby Better dry in a warm, dry and sunny spot. After that, it is well-entrenched and rots.

Best young cacti thrive in the substrate of calcined sand, sphagnum moss and charcoal. These components are taken in equal parts.

Water the cactus to form roots need extreme care.

How to make the Hippeastrum flower.

Make it bloom in several ways:

1. Processing bulbs with hot water temperature 43-45 degrees for 2 hours. Bloom in about a month.

2. Stop watering it since August. The leaves should dry up. No shaking bulb from the pot, take it to a dry dark place (away from central heating radiator!). Can be covered with opaque cap and leave it for 2-2.5 months. From mid-January to resume watering, can be transplanted into fresh substrate. Putting on a light windowsill. After the appearance of the arrow Feeding complex fertilizers. Bloom in 1.5 – 2 months.

3. Cut off the leaves with a sharp knife or scissors. This procedure is better to take place in July, at the same time stop watering for a month. After two months of bloom. Only feed the plant after that, otherwise it will not bloom in the spring.

We found information that Hippeastrum can bloom twice a year. But the “double” distillation can be carried out if the bulb has an impressive diameter.